Pharaoh Ant

Pharaoh Ant

Pharaoh Ant-Monomorium Pharaonis

Size- 2mm   / Color- Pale yellow to reddish brown with the back end a little darker  / Antenna- Yes, end in a club with three progressively longer segments /  Legs-Six /  Flying-No

Region- Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Pharaoh ants can lay 400 or more eggs in a lifetime with an egg reaching maturity in 38 to 45 days. Because they live in heated buildings in the Calgary area, the Pharoah Ant continually breeds.  Colonies grow as large as 2500.  Because this ant is so tiny, it can nest in creative locations such as in laundry, furniture and food or more commonly, in wall crevasses, behind baseboards, in garbage cans, light fixtures, etc. They are drawn to dark, warm areas near hot water pipes in bathrooms, kitchens, and hospitals. Pharaoh ants will create a trail and use it to forage. They will be seen in lines, like little highways across floors, from their nest site to their food source.   In areas such as hospitals, their small size means they can access wounds and sterile instruments, causing a mechanical spread of infection and interference in the administering of drip medicines and electrical pulses.