Our Pest Guide

Rodents

Rodent pest guide

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Bat - Chiroptera

Color: Black Gray Brown

Size: 1-12 inches   Antenna: No   Flying: Yes   Wing Span: Equal to body size
Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Bats are mammals which are best described as resembling mice but with wings.  All bats have wings which are a thin membrane of skin and most have large ears which help in echolocation. This sonar system is used for location purposes. As such the visual sight of a bat is relatively poor although bats can see ultraviolet light and are not blind. A bat’s teeth are very sharp, designed well for puncturing insects and vegetation in the Calgary area. Bats need areas protected from light and are not discriminate when choosing caves, hollow trees, or a thick canopy of leaves as their place of seclusion.  They are helpful creatures feasting on insects and other pests and are only considered pests when they roost in attics, and garages. Bats will also chew and claw their way into your walls so they can create a nesting spot. Primarily active during the night, they still make a constant chirping and have a stiff odor when in or near your home.  A colony can leave behind staggering amounts of droppings (guano) which can carry diseases and they attract cockroaches with their odor. Also, some bats have rabies and can pass this to your pet.  If left unchecked, a bat infestation can be difficult and costly to correct.

Norway Rat - Rattus Norvegicus

Color: Black Gray Brown

Size: 10-12 inches (4″ Tail)  Characteristiics: Small eyes and long tail

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Norway rats live in fields, farm lands, structures and woodpiles in the Calgary area.  Because much of Alberta is agricultural farmland, and has a harsh climate the rats need to live as close to humans as they possibly can. Structures and food sources are sought out to survive.  Rats are excellent climbers and often enter a building in the fall when outside food sources become scarce. They can gain entry to a home through a hole the size of a quarter.   Because they are opportunistic scavengers, the Norway Rat is host to a number of pathogens and diseases.  If that weren’t enough, rats are known to be fond of chewing through wiring, a definite fire hazard.

Raccoon - Procyon Lotor

Color: Gray Brown Black marking around eyes

Size: 8 -20 lbs   Legs: Four  Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

A highly intelligent animal, we have had some challenging times dealing with these animals.Female raccoons will often commune together at feeding locations or for sleeping while male raccoons are more solitary.  A raccoon’s habitat has become urban yet they stay close to trees and buildings as they find safety in climbing.  They take up residence in Calgary’s abandoned buildings, attics, and woodland areas and sometimes inside accupied homes.  Though raccoons will eat insects, amphibians, fish, berries, fruit, nuts, and smaller mammals, raccoons are also foragers, loving human garbage. Living alongside humans yields bigger food stores.  They are one of the most recognizable and destructive animals in all of Canada. Most notoriously enjoying garbages and recycling.

Skunk - Mephitidae

Color: Black body with white Gray Off White

Size: 5 -8 lbs  Legs: Four  Shape: Oblong body with long bushy tail

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The most common skunk in Alberta is the Striped Skunk.  They will live in residential Calgary areas, forests, fields, and any mixture of the above. They create their own dens with their strong front legs and claws but are also opportunistic, using the area under decks and stairs as well. The defense mechanism for a skunk is where the trouble lies. When surprised or threatened the skunk releases a small amount of liquid through their anal glands.  The spray can shoot nearly ten feet and is extremely hard to remove carrying a distinctively unpleasant odor. If that weren’t enough, the skunk is also the major carrier of rabies in many parts of Alberta, though few of them carry rabies in this region. They often fall into window wells due to their poor vision.

Deer Mouse - Peromyscus Maniculatus

Color: Brownwith white feet and white underbelly

Size: 5 -8 lbs  Legs: Four  Shape: Round-Shape with Round ears

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The deer mouse prefers the outdoors in sheltered areas of Calgary such as hollow logs and piles of debris. They can squeeze in through areas as small as a pencil so it is almost impossible to find their route indoors.  This is why prevention is the key to mouse control.  When the deer mouse comes indoors, it prefers undisturbed areas such as attics.  The deer mouse is to be noted because it transmits the potentially fatal Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome through contact with mouse carcasses, or by breathing in aerosolized urine droplets of infected deer mice.

Pocket Gopher - Geomyidae

Color: Tan Brown with white feet and white underbelly

Size: 5 -10 lbs  Legs: Four  Characteristics: Large front teeth and big pocketed cheeks.

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The pocket gopher is subterranean and reclusive as are other gophers in the Calgary area.  However it is a solitary animal and is most noted for its tell-tale mounds of dirt left above ground.  You might think someone has rototill your yard!  This is a very destructive animal to yards and gardens moving systematically through them, looking for roots and weeds to eat. Many pest control companies and homeowners will attempt to control these animals with poisonous bait, this usually will not work. Trapping is most effective

Bat

Bat - Chiroptera

Color: Black Gray Brown

Size: 1-12 inches   Antenna: No   Flying: Yes   Wing Span: Equal to body size
Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Bats are mammals which are best described as resembling mice but with wings.  All bats have wings which are a thin membrane of skin and most have large ears which help in echolocation. This sonar system is used for location purposes. As such the visual sight of a bat is relatively poor although bats can see ultraviolet light and are not blind. A bat’s teeth are very sharp, designed well for puncturing insects and vegetation in the Calgary area. Bats need areas protected from light and are not discriminate when choosing caves, hollow trees, or a thick canopy of leaves as their place of seclusion.  They are helpful creatures feasting on insects and other pests and are only considered pests when they roost in attics, and garages. Bats will also chew and claw their way into your walls so they can create a nesting spot. Primarily active during the night, they still make a constant chirping and have a stiff odor when in or near your home.  A colony can leave behind staggering amounts of droppings (guano) which can carry diseases and they attract cockroaches with their odor. Also, some bats have rabies and can pass this to your pet.  If left unchecked, a bat infestation can be difficult and costly to correct.

Rat

Norway Rat - Rattus Norvegicus

Color: Black Gray Brown

Size: 10-12 inches (4″ Tail)  Characteristiics: Small eyes and long tail

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Norway rats live in fields, farm lands, structures and woodpiles in the Calgary area.  Because much of Alberta is agricultural farmland, and has a harsh climate the rats need to live as close to humans as they possibly can. Structures and food sources are sought out to survive.  Rats are excellent climbers and often enter a building in the fall when outside food sources become scarce. They can gain entry to a home through a hole the size of a quarter.   Because they are opportunistic scavengers, the Norway Rat is host to a number of pathogens and diseases.  If that weren’t enough, rats are known to be fond of chewing through wiring, a definite fire hazard.

Racoon

Raccoon - Procyon Lotor

Color: Gray Brown Black marking around eyes

Size: 8 -20 lbs   Legs: Four  Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

A highly intelligent animal, we have had some challenging times dealing with these animals.Female raccoons will often commune together at feeding locations or for sleeping while male raccoons are more solitary.  A raccoon’s habitat has become urban yet they stay close to trees and buildings as they find safety in climbing.  They take up residence in Calgary’s abandoned buildings, attics, and woodland areas and sometimes inside accupied homes.  Though raccoons will eat insects, amphibians, fish, berries, fruit, nuts, and smaller mammals, raccoons are also foragers, loving human garbage. Living alongside humans yields bigger food stores.  They are one of the most recognizable and destructive animals in all of Canada. Most notoriously enjoying garbages and recycling.

Skunk

Skunk - Mephitidae

Color: Black body with white Gray Off White

Size: 5 -8 lbs  Legs: Four  Shape: Oblong body with long bushy tail

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The most common skunk in Alberta is the Striped Skunk.  They will live in residential Calgary areas, forests, fields, and any mixture of the above. They create their own dens with their strong front legs and claws but are also opportunistic, using the area under decks and stairs as well. The defense mechanism for a skunk is where the trouble lies. When surprised or threatened the skunk releases a small amount of liquid through their anal glands.  The spray can shoot nearly ten feet and is extremely hard to remove carrying a distinctively unpleasant odor. If that weren’t enough, the skunk is also the major carrier of rabies in many parts of Alberta, though few of them carry rabies in this region. They often fall into window wells due to their poor vision.

Deer Mouse

Deer Mouse - Peromyscus Maniculatus

Color: Brownwith white feet and white underbelly

Size: 5 -8 lbs  Legs: Four  Shape: Round-Shape with Round ears

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The deer mouse prefers the outdoors in sheltered areas of Calgary such as hollow logs and piles of debris. They can squeeze in through areas as small as a pencil so it is almost impossible to find their route indoors.  This is why prevention is the key to mouse control.  When the deer mouse comes indoors, it prefers undisturbed areas such as attics.  The deer mouse is to be noted because it transmits the potentially fatal Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome through contact with mouse carcasses, or by breathing in aerosolized urine droplets of infected deer mice.

Pocket Gopher

Pocket Gopher - Geomyidae

Color: Tan Brown with white feet and white underbelly

Size: 5 -10 lbs  Legs: Four  Characteristics: Large front teeth and big pocketed cheeks.

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The pocket gopher is subterranean and reclusive as are other gophers in the Calgary area.  However it is a solitary animal and is most noted for its tell-tale mounds of dirt left above ground.  You might think someone has rototill your yard!  This is a very destructive animal to yards and gardens moving systematically through them, looking for roots and weeds to eat. Many pest control companies and homeowners will attempt to control these animals with poisonous bait, this usually will not work. Trapping is most effective

House Mouse - Mus Muculus

Color: Light Brown to Black 

Size: 2 inches  Legs: Four  Shape: Round

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The house mouse is the most common rodent pest in the Calgary Area. They can breed rapidly and adapt quickly to changing conditions.  House mice live in structures, but they can live outdoors.  When the weather chills, the house mouse is attracted to the warmth and active food sourcse in restaurants and homes.  Even without open doors they can enter a building through a hole the diameter of a pencil bringing in fleas, mites, ticks and lice.   Mice chew through and contaminate what they come in contact with and micro droplets of their urine left around a home can cause allergies in children

Pigeon- Columbidae

Color: Dark to Light Gray 

Size: 3-8lbs  Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Pigeons are feral –domesticated animal gone back to being wild-and as such are very determined birds, living near humans in the Calgary area because of the abundance of food.  A pigeon will roost and nest on signs, store fronts, apartment buildings and other lofty urban places. These birds, leave liquid splatters of droppings everywhere. Water contamination has been traced back to pigeon carcasses and feces in water towers near roosting sites. The waste from these birds is very corrosive. Concrete, limestone and metal are deteriorated by pigeon droppings. Cleanup alone costs thousands of dollars.

Richardson’s Ground Squirrel (Gopher) - Spermophilus Richardsonii

Color: Tan/Brown with white underbelly

Size: 5-12 inches  Legs: Four
Characteristics: Large front teeth and big puffy cheeks

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Gophers are subterranean rodents which can devour or destroy your lawn, garden or crops.  They live in colonies in the Calgary area so where there is one there will be more.  That said, most people see the damage they leave behind rather than the gopher because they are reclusive. They are active during all parts of the day and hibernate during the winter months.  What makes gophers such a nuisance is their voracious appetite and their digging. They leave holes in your lawn and pastures with the tunnels that they dig underground.  This can cause animals to break their legs on the uneven ground and flowerbeds and gardens are destroyed from the roots up.

Squirrel - Sciuridae

Color: Red Brown Black Gray

Tail: Long and fluffy   Legs: Four

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

When living in the Calgary area trees, squirrels are not harmful, but they can be very messy, chase away desired wildlife such as birds, and invade your home. Squirrels can squeeze through small gaps, often chewing to get in, and will set up their nests in your walls and attic. Squirrels can die in hard to reach a place leaving a smell that permeates the house and alive, their urine and droppings smell horribly and will seep into the wood in your attic. Squirrels rip up insulation, gnaw through many structural materials, and bring in debris. Squirrels build their nests out of dry, easily ignitable materials such as twigs, hair and cloth and have been knows to chew on wires. In this they create an environment of fuel and ignitor, a definite safety hazard. Many people attempt to use mouse poison if they are in an attic, this is not only illegal , but ineffective.

Rock Porcupine - Erethizon Dorsatum

Color: Brown & White

Size: 20 lbs  Legs: Four  Characteristics: Sharp hair-like quills. Short front legs and longer back legs

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Porcupines are large nocturnal rodents which will create a den in any area it feels is safe, including the underside of decks, sheds, garages, and other outbuildings within the Calgary area. Porcupines are primarily herbivores. They feed on the soft layer of bark on trees, and other types of foraged roots, sticks and root vegetables. This is a particular worry because porcupines prefer trees with smooth bark such as most decorative yard trees have.  The porcupine is not a deliberate nuisance to humans or animals but this destructive appetite and the unappealing pain of quill exposure has humans seeing this animal as an unwanted guest.   Quills are a particularly serious threat to dogs as dogs are aggressive and curious and the barbs, once in a dog’s snout, are not easily removed.  A costly visit to the vet will often follow.

House Mouse

House Mouse - Mus Muculus

Color: Light Brown to Black 

Size: 2 inches  Legs: Four  Shape: Round

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The house mouse is the most common rodent pest in the Calgary Area. They can breed rapidly and adapt quickly to changing conditions.  House mice live in structures, but they can live outdoors.  When the weather chills, the house mouse is attracted to the warmth and active food sourcse in restaurants and homes.  Even without open doors they can enter a building through a hole the diameter of a pencil bringing in fleas, mites, ticks and lice.   Mice chew through and contaminate what they come in contact with and micro droplets of their urine left around a home can cause allergies in children

Pigeon

Pigeon- Columbidae

Color: Dark to Light Gray 

Size: 3-8lbs  Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Pigeons are feral –domesticated animal gone back to being wild-and as such are very determined birds, living near humans in the Calgary area because of the abundance of food.  A pigeon will roost and nest on signs, store fronts, apartment buildings and other lofty urban places. These birds, leave liquid splatters of droppings everywhere. Water contamination has been traced back to pigeon carcasses and feces in water towers near roosting sites. The waste from these birds is very corrosive. Concrete, limestone and metal are deteriorated by pigeon droppings. Cleanup alone costs thousands of dollars.

Gopher

Richardson’s Ground Squirrel (Gopher) - Spermophilus Richardsonii

Color: Tan/Brown with white underbelly

Size: 5-12 inches  Legs: Four
Characteristics: Large front teeth and big puffy cheeks

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Gophers are subterranean rodents which can devour or destroy your lawn, garden or crops.  They live in colonies in the Calgary area so where there is one there will be more.  That said, most people see the damage they leave behind rather than the gopher because they are reclusive. They are active during all parts of the day and hibernate during the winter months.  What makes gophers such a nuisance is their voracious appetite and their digging. They leave holes in your lawn and pastures with the tunnels that they dig underground.  This can cause animals to break their legs on the uneven ground and flowerbeds and gardens are destroyed from the roots up.

Squirrel

Squirrel - Sciuridae

Color: Red Brown Black Gray

Tail: Long and fluffy   Legs: Four

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

When living in the Calgary area trees, squirrels are not harmful, but they can be very messy, chase away desired wildlife such as birds, and invade your home. Squirrels can squeeze through small gaps, often chewing to get in, and will set up their nests in your walls and attic. Squirrels can die in hard to reach a place leaving a smell that permeates the house and alive, their urine and droppings smell horribly and will seep into the wood in your attic. Squirrels rip up insulation, gnaw through many structural materials, and bring in debris. Squirrels build their nests out of dry, easily ignitable materials such as twigs, hair and cloth and have been knows to chew on wires. In this they create an environment of fuel and ignitor, a definite safety hazard. Many people attempt to use mouse poison if they are in an attic, this is not only illegal , but ineffective.

Porcupine

Rock Porcupine - Erethizon Dorsatum

Color: Brown & White

Size: 20 lbs  Legs: Four  Characteristics: Sharp hair-like quills. Short front legs and longer back legs

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Porcupines are large nocturnal rodents which will create a den in any area it feels is safe, including the underside of decks, sheds, garages, and other outbuildings within the Calgary area. Porcupines are primarily herbivores. They feed on the soft layer of bark on trees, and other types of foraged roots, sticks and root vegetables. This is a particular worry because porcupines prefer trees with smooth bark such as most decorative yard trees have.  The porcupine is not a deliberate nuisance to humans or animals but this destructive appetite and the unappealing pain of quill exposure has humans seeing this animal as an unwanted guest.   Quills are a particularly serious threat to dogs as dogs are aggressive and curious and the barbs, once in a dog’s snout, are not easily removed.  A costly visit to the vet will often follow.

Insects

Insects & Spider pest guide

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Bed Bug- Cimex Lectularius

Color: Mahogany Rusty Brown Red after a meal

Size: 1/4 inch long body | Caterpillar: 1/2 inch long at maturity

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Only the caterpillar feeds. Clothes moth’s larva (caterpillars) damage animal items, such as wool, fur, silk and feathers.    Textiles injured by clothes moths have holes eaten through them by tiny, white larvae and furs will have noticeably loose hairs. Materials in storage or kept in dark places such as a closet, attic, or drawer are most at risk by these insects. The adults enter through cracks around doors and windows in the Calgary area as they seek to avoid daylight.

Honey Bee - Apis Mellifera

Color: Golden Yellow  with Brown bands 

Size: 1-2 inches  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Calgary’s honey bees are an extremely important and beneficial insect because of their role in pollination. Honey bees pollinate more than 100 crops in Canada.  They produce honey from the pollen and nectar of the plants they pollinate. They store the honey in honeycombs in their nests which are often located in tree crevices, but will occasionally be built in attics or chimneys.  A honeybee is part of an extremely large colony and their sting can be not only painful but produce an allergic reaction in the person a hive attacks. As such, only a professional should seek to remove a problem nest.

Bumblebee- Bombus Lapidarius

Color: Black with Yellow stripes

Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Bumblebees often nest in the ground in gardens and lawns, but can be found above ground around patio areas or decks and will sometimes build their nest in soffits of attics in the Calgary area. The bumblebee sting is one of the most painful.  Bumblebees who are disturbed will buzz loudly and aggressively give chase to the nest invaders for a considerable distance. As such, only a professional should seek to remove a problem nest.

Blowfly - Calliphoridae

Color: body- Metallic blue/green head- black

Size: 1 cm  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: No  Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The blowflys lay their eggs in rotting meat, dung, carrion, and open wounds.  Also called bluebottle, they are a tenacious house guest in the Calgary area, coming in open windows and doors, cracks and holes.   Blowflys spread their germs to surfaces, food and people.  Indiscriminate eaters, the blowfly is host to disease originating from dung and rotten flesh, commonly carrying dysentery, anthrax, and jaundice.  Interestingly, the larvae of blowfly, raised in sterile conditions are used to consume dead tissue in a humans and animals to promote healing

Carpenter Ant - Camponotus

Color: Red to Black

Size: 5/8 inches   Shape- Segmented; Oval   Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Carpenter ants excavate deteriorating, moist wood in order to build their nests but do not actually eat the wood.  The excess wood is deposited outside entrances to the colony in small piles of sawdust. Often the colony will extend its nest into adjacent, sound wood resulting in smooth tunnels inside the wood.  In the Calgary area, carpenter ants are found in porch pillars and roofs, window sills, live and dead trees, rotting logs and stumps and wood in contact with soil.  They will enter homes through wet, damaged wood and if they gain entry to a structure, they pose a property threat which needs to be remedied.

Carpenter Bee- Zylocopa Virginica

Color: Blue-Black Green or Purple metallic sheen on abdomen

Look: similar to bumblebees but often no yellow stripes

Size: 1 inch   Legs: Four   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Carpenter bees are active in Canada.  Resembling bumblebees, they are different in that the top of their abdomen is hairless, often shiny, black, and has no yellow stripe and they are solitary insects.  Males are noticeably aggressive in behavior and have a white spot on their face, luckily they do not possess stingers so are harmless; females do have stingers but are mainly docile. The carpenter bee bores into dried, seasoned and untreated wood surfaces, preferring softwoods such as cedar, pine and fir.  In the Calgary area they nest in nail holes and unpainted wood thus are commonly found in porch and shed ceilings, railings, overhead trim, wooden patio furniture, fence posts, wooden shingles, siding, window sills and doors.  You will see sawdust piles and defecation stains near perfectly round tunnels in wood.  Besides the annoyance of their constant buzzing, they can damage wood through their nest building.

Centipede- Scutigera

Color: Body- Brown to Grayish-Yellow three dark stripes on top

Size: up to 1 1/2 inches long   Shape: Long, flattened, segmented bodies    Legs: One pair per segment | 15 pairs encircled by dark and white bands  Antennae: No  Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Centipedes prefer residing in damp portions of basements, closets, crawl spaces and bathrooms. In the Calgary area, house centipedes feed on small insects, larvae, and spiders.  Most home owners consider centipedes a nuisance in the home as they could bite though they do not often and are not dangerous.

Bed Bug

Bed Bug- Cimex Lectularius

Color: Mahogany Rusty Brown Red after a meal

Size: 1/4 inch long body | Caterpillar: 1/2 inch long at maturity

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Only the caterpillar feeds. Clothes moth’s larva (caterpillars) damage animal items, such as wool, fur, silk and feathers.    Textiles injured by clothes moths have holes eaten through them by tiny, white larvae and furs will have noticeably loose hairs. Materials in storage or kept in dark places such as a closet, attic, or drawer are most at risk by these insects. The adults enter through cracks around doors and windows in the Calgary area as they seek to avoid daylight.

Bee

Honey Bee - Apis Mellifera

Color: Golden Yellow  with Brown bands 

Size: 1-2 inches  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Calgary’s honey bees are an extremely important and beneficial insect because of their role in pollination. Honey bees pollinate more than 100 crops in Canada.  They produce honey from the pollen and nectar of the plants they pollinate. They store the honey in honeycombs in their nests which are often located in tree crevices, but will occasionally be built in attics or chimneys.  A honeybee is part of an extremely large colony and their sting can be not only painful but produce an allergic reaction in the person a hive attacks. As such, only a professional should seek to remove a problem nest.

Bumblebee

Bumblebee- Bombus Lapidarius

Color: Black with Yellow stripes

Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Bumblebees often nest in the ground in gardens and lawns, but can be found above ground around patio areas or decks and will sometimes build their nest in soffits of attics in the Calgary area. The bumblebee sting is one of the most painful.  Bumblebees who are disturbed will buzz loudly and aggressively give chase to the nest invaders for a considerable distance. As such, only a professional should seek to remove a problem nest.

Blowfly

Blowfly - Calliphoridae

Color: body- Metallic blue/green head- black

Size: 1 cm  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: No  Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The blowflys lay their eggs in rotting meat, dung, carrion, and open wounds.  Also called bluebottle, they are a tenacious house guest in the Calgary area, coming in open windows and doors, cracks and holes.   Blowflys spread their germs to surfaces, food and people.  Indiscriminate eaters, the blowfly is host to disease originating from dung and rotten flesh, commonly carrying dysentery, anthrax, and jaundice.  Interestingly, the larvae of blowfly, raised in sterile conditions are used to consume dead tissue in a humans and animals to promote healing

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter Ant - Camponotus

Color: Red to Black

Size: 5/8 inches   Shape- Segmented; Oval   Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Carpenter ants excavate deteriorating, moist wood in order to build their nests but do not actually eat the wood.  The excess wood is deposited outside entrances to the colony in small piles of sawdust. Often the colony will extend its nest into adjacent, sound wood resulting in smooth tunnels inside the wood.  In the Calgary area, carpenter ants are found in porch pillars and roofs, window sills, live and dead trees, rotting logs and stumps and wood in contact with soil.  They will enter homes through wet, damaged wood and if they gain entry to a structure, they pose a property threat which needs to be remedied.

Carpenter Bee

Carpenter Bee- Zylocopa Virginica

Color: Blue-Black Green or Purple metallic sheen on abdomen

Look: similar to bumblebees but often no yellow stripes

Size: 1 inch   Legs: Four   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Carpenter bees are active in Canada.  Resembling bumblebees, they are different in that the top of their abdomen is hairless, often shiny, black, and has no yellow stripe and they are solitary insects.  Males are noticeably aggressive in behavior and have a white spot on their face, luckily they do not possess stingers so are harmless; females do have stingers but are mainly docile. The carpenter bee bores into dried, seasoned and untreated wood surfaces, preferring softwoods such as cedar, pine and fir.  In the Calgary area they nest in nail holes and unpainted wood thus are commonly found in porch and shed ceilings, railings, overhead trim, wooden patio furniture, fence posts, wooden shingles, siding, window sills and doors.  You will see sawdust piles and defecation stains near perfectly round tunnels in wood.  Besides the annoyance of their constant buzzing, they can damage wood through their nest building.

Centipede

Centipede- Scutigera

Color: Body- Brown to Grayish-Yellow three dark stripes on top

Size: up to 1 1/2 inches long   Shape: Long, flattened, segmented bodies    Legs: One pair per segment | 15 pairs encircled by dark and white bands  Antennae: No  Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Centipedes prefer residing in damp portions of basements, closets, crawl spaces and bathrooms. In the Calgary area, house centipedes feed on small insects, larvae, and spiders.  Most home owners consider centipedes a nuisance in the home as they could bite though they do not often and are not dangerous.

Carpet Beetle- Anthrenus Verbasci

Color: Black centers with white brown and yellow patches

Size: 1/16 inches  Shape: Round  Legs: Six   Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

These pests eat carpets, woolen fabrics, dead insects, furs, hides, feathers, horns, hair, silk and bones. They are found in Calgary homes in attics, oriental carpets, tapestries and carpeting.  They damage the fabrics and surfaces they eat which can be a costly problem.   It can take 249-354 days to three years for varied carpet beetles to grow from an egg to an adult thus, untreated, this beetle is able to wreak havoc for a long time.

Clothes Moth- Tinea Pellionella

Color: Light Gray to Champagne each front wing has three indistinct darker spots

Caterpillar- Color: Creamy White with a Brown head

Size: 1/4 inch long body | Caterpillar: 1/2 inch long at maturity

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Only the caterpillar feeds. Clothes moth’s larva (caterpillars) damage animal items, such as wool, fur, silk and feathers.    Textiles injured by clothes moths have holes eaten through them by tiny, white larvae and furs will have noticeably loose hairs. Materials in storage or kept in dark places such as a closet, attic, or drawer are most at risk by these insects. The adults enter through cracks around doors and windows in the Calgary area as they seek to avoid daylight.

Cluster Fly- Pollenia

Color: Black

Size: 1-1.4 cm  Legs: Six  Shape: Oval   Flying: Yes   Antennae: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

These large, black flies are predominantly a house pest from late fall to early spring in the Calgary area. As the day cools off, the flies that clustered in the sun on the house wall, crawl in through crevasses and cracks, open windows and doors and under eaves.  Cluster flies begin as parasites within the bodies of earthworms thus they do not breed indoors.  They do however hibernate in their hiding place coming out of hibernation as the sun or indoor heat warms them.  Their crawling brings them into the house by way of electrical outlets, window pulley holes, and small openings around windows, moldings and base boards.  Because they hibernate in inaccessible places they are difficult to control. Preventing these flies is best in the summer and fall as much as possible.

Cockroach- Blattaria

American Cockroach – Color: Reddish-brown wings and light markings on its thorax

German Cockroach – Color:light brown with two dark stripes down its back

Size: (American Cockroach) 1-1.5 inches | (German Cockroach) 1/2 -5/8 inches  Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Cockroaches are present in many areas of Calgary and Alberta.  They like dark, damp places where food is in good supply thus they are active under sinks, stoves, fridges and inside cupboards.  Because they feed on a wide variety of foods, it is difficult to cut off their food supply.  Cockroaches favor starchy, sugary items but will also eat book bindings, linens and leather while foraging at night and can survive a month or more without any food. Their presence alone is distasteful enough, but they also transfer a distinctly acrid odor which permeates everything they touch and can transmit bacteria responsible for diseases such as food poisoning, cholera, dysentery, salmonella and strep.  Exposure to these and cockroach allergens is a major health concern for parents of asthmatic children.

Cornfield Ant- Lasius Alienus

Color: Yellow-Brown to very Dark Brown

Size: 2 – 3.5mm   Antennae: Yes  | 12 segments   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The cornfield ant is predominantly found in outdoor locations.  To the untrained eye they are recognizable by their habits more so than by their appearance.  In the Calgary area, cornfield ants build visible, crater-like nests near or underneath bricks, stones, sidewalks, cracks in pavement and rotting logs. They also leave tell-tale piles of soil where they have excavated.  Often a pest to the putting green and immaculate yard, they will also make themselves busy foraging sweets and meats from the home or business. If there are cornfield ants inside, undoubtedly there is a ready food  source that needs taking care of.

Earwig- Dermaptera

Color: Dark Brown

Size: 1 inch   Legs: Six   Shape: Long. Narrow   Antennae: Yes   Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The long clippers, on their backsides easily identify an earwig.  Earwigs hide during the day and feed on leaves, flowers, fruits, mold and insects at night.  These insects live together in the Calgary area in large numbers. They can be found under piles of lawn debris, mulch or in tree holes. They gain entry to a structure through exterior cracks.  An Earwig’s menacing appearance and their tendency to cluster in large numbers can be alarming to a homeowner.

Carpet Beetle

Carpet Beetle- Anthrenus Verbasci

Color: Black centers with white brown and yellow patches

Size: 1/16 inches  Shape: Round  Legs: Six   Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

These pests eat carpets, woolen fabrics, dead insects, furs, hides, feathers, horns, hair, silk and bones. They are found in Calgary homes in attics, oriental carpets, tapestries and carpeting.  They damage the fabrics and surfaces they eat which can be a costly problem.   It can take 249-354 days to three years for varied carpet beetles to grow from an egg to an adult thus, untreated, this beetle is able to wreak havoc for a long time.

Clothes Moth

Clothes Moth- Tinea Pellionella

Color: Light Gray to Champagne each front wing has three indistinct darker spots

Caterpillar- Color: Creamy White with a Brown head

Size: 1/4 inch long body | Caterpillar: 1/2 inch long at maturity

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Only the caterpillar feeds. Clothes moth’s larva (caterpillars) damage animal items, such as wool, fur, silk and feathers.    Textiles injured by clothes moths have holes eaten through them by tiny, white larvae and furs will have noticeably loose hairs. Materials in storage or kept in dark places such as a closet, attic, or drawer are most at risk by these insects. The adults enter through cracks around doors and windows in the Calgary area as they seek to avoid daylight.

Cluster Fly

Cluster Fly- Pollenia

Color: Black

Size: 1-1.4 cm  Legs: Six  Shape: Oval   Flying: Yes   Antennae: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

These large, black flies are predominantly a house pest from late fall to early spring in the Calgary area. As the day cools off, the flies that clustered in the sun on the house wall, crawl in through crevasses and cracks, open windows and doors and under eaves.  Cluster flies begin as parasites within the bodies of earthworms thus they do not breed indoors.  They do however hibernate in their hiding place coming out of hibernation as the sun or indoor heat warms them.  Their crawling brings them into the house by way of electrical outlets, window pulley holes, and small openings around windows, moldings and base boards.  Because they hibernate in inaccessible places they are difficult to control. Preventing these flies is best in the summer and fall as much as possible.

Cockroach

Cockroach- Blattaria

American Cockroach – Color: Reddish-brown wings and light markings on its thorax

German Cockroach – Color:light brown with two dark stripes down its back

Size: (American Cockroach) 1-1.5 inches | (German Cockroach) 1/2 -5/8 inches  Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Cockroaches are present in many areas of Calgary and Alberta.  They like dark, damp places where food is in good supply thus they are active under sinks, stoves, fridges and inside cupboards.  Because they feed on a wide variety of foods, it is difficult to cut off their food supply.  Cockroaches favor starchy, sugary items but will also eat book bindings, linens and leather while foraging at night and can survive a month or more without any food. Their presence alone is distasteful enough, but they also transfer a distinctly acrid odor which permeates everything they touch and can transmit bacteria responsible for diseases such as food poisoning, cholera, dysentery, salmonella and strep.  Exposure to these and cockroach allergens is a major health concern for parents of asthmatic children.

Cornfield Ant

Cornfield Ant- Lasius Alienus

Color: Yellow-Brown to very Dark Brown

Size: 2 – 3.5mm   Antennae: Yes  | 12 segments   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The cornfield ant is predominantly found in outdoor locations.  To the untrained eye they are recognizable by their habits more so than by their appearance.  In the Calgary area, cornfield ants build visible, crater-like nests near or underneath bricks, stones, sidewalks, cracks in pavement and rotting logs. They also leave tell-tale piles of soil where they have excavated.  Often a pest to the putting green and immaculate yard, they will also make themselves busy foraging sweets and meats from the home or business. If there are cornfield ants inside, undoubtedly there is a ready food  source that needs taking care of.

Earwig

Earwig- Dermaptera

Color: Dark Brown

Size: 1 inch   Legs: Six   Shape: Long. Narrow   Antennae: Yes   Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The long clippers, on their backsides easily identify an earwig.  Earwigs hide during the day and feed on leaves, flowers, fruits, mold and insects at night.  These insects live together in the Calgary area in large numbers. They can be found under piles of lawn debris, mulch or in tree holes. They gain entry to a structure through exterior cracks.  An Earwig’s menacing appearance and their tendency to cluster in large numbers can be alarming to a homeowner.

Flea- Siphonaptera

Color: Black Brown

Size: 1 – 2mm  Shape: Oblong  Flying: No  Antennae: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The flea is a blood feeder of great concern because many pass along diseases. Several major human diseases can be traced from dogs and rodents to humans, including plague, murine typhus, bartonellosis and tapeworms.  Possibly, because fleas can jump up to 150 times the length of their body, and are attracted to animals’ body heat, movement and the carbon dioxide that is exhaled, they are found on dogs, cats, skunks, rodents, and humans.   The adult flea feeds on blood while larvae feed on organic debris.  A pair of fleas in the Calgary area may produce more than 20 trillion offspring in a year.  Certainly a pest to be taken care of quickly and completely.

Millipede- Diplopoda

Common Millipede

Color: Tan Dark Reddish Brown

Greenhouse Millipede

Color: Light Tan

Common millipede

Size: 2.5 – 6 cm  Shape: Somehwat rounded | Worm-like  Legs: 2 on each segment | more than 15 pairs Flying: No  Antennae: No

Greenhouse millipede

Characterisctics: Small ridges along the sides of each body segment

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Millipedes are commonly found in damp locations such as in potted houseplants, greenhouses, garages, basements and lower levels.  They feed on damp and decaying vegetable matter and prefer to stay in moist locations but may wander into any part of the house.  Being most active at night, they can enter a home through cracks, doors and windows but are most commonly found under wood piles, leaves and other organic debris in the Calgary area.  Not dangerous, they are an alarming and unwanted house guest.

Fruit Fly- Drosophila Melanogaster

Color: Tan/light abdomen with red eyes

Size: 3mm Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes- with feathery bristle

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Fruit flies are small irritating pests that are commonly found in Calgary homes, restaurants and other facilities where food is processed.  Fruit flies feed on decaying fruits and vegetables and tend to concentrate around the food source. They are found on moist, decaying matter that has been stationary for several days.  Fruit flies are found in unsanitary conditions, so they are a potential health concern.

Hornet-Baldface- Dolichovespula Maculata

Color: Black with Cream-colored markings on the front of the head and at the end of the abdomen

Size: 7-8 inch   Shape: Oblong, 2 segments   Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The hornet colony is contained within the nest made of paper-like material made from chewed wood mixed with saliva.  Hornet nests are usually located in wooded areas in Calgary, attached to a tree branch, but they may attach to shrubs, soffits, and house siding.  Although hornets are beneficial predators that feed on other insects such as filth flies and blow flies, a nearby nest is cause for alarm.  A peak population of 100 to 400 hornets by the end of summer is to be prevented as hornets are aggressive protectors of their nest and pose significant risk to the homeowner and any pets.  Hornets are very protective of their colony and will usually attack if someone approaches within 3 feet of the nest.

House Fly- Musca Domestica

Color: Dark Gray

Size: 1/4 inch   Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The most common fly found around Calgary homes, an adult house fly usually lives between 15 and 25 days. They are only able to feed on liquids but have the ability to turn many solid foods into a liquid for them to eat. House flies taste with their feet so are constantly on the move, migrating up to 20 miles to find food.  These insects have been known to carry over 100 different kinds of disease-causing germs, which makes them very bad house guests.

House Moth - Endrosis Sarcitrella

Color: White Brown Gray

Size: 6mm – 2cm  Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes  Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The house moth eats grains, fruit, rotting wood, old textiles, and cereals.   Attracted to light, they can be seen in groups around any light source at dusk in the Calgary area.  Though not harmful, they can be a general nuisance when enjoying a summer evening and attract predators such as spiders and bats.  The house moth also leaves unsightly cocoons and a reddish-brown fluid on buildings which can be difficult to remove off of windows, walls.

Indian Meal Moth - Plodia Interpunctella

Color: Bi-colored wings- 2/3 Copper or Bronze and 1/3 light gray

Caterpillar: Cream with Yellow-Green or Pinkish shades Dark Brown head

Size: 1/4 – 3/8 inch

Caterpillar: up to 2/3 inch

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

This moth is a stored product pest, found in homes and grocery stores.  The caterpillar stage feeds on nuts, herbs, coarsely ground grains and fruits which are accessible as the caterpillars are capable of chewing through plastic bags and thin cardboard. The caterpillars can seriously damage food items and the adult moths are an irritant as they fly through the store. All stages of the Indian meal moth may be found in Calgary area homes and businesses

Flea

Flea- Siphonaptera

Color: Black Brown

Size: 1 – 2mm  Shape: Oblong  Flying: No  Antennae: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The flea is a blood feeder of great concern because many pass along diseases. Several major human diseases can be traced from dogs and rodents to humans, including plague, murine typhus, bartonellosis and tapeworms.  Possibly, because fleas can jump up to 150 times the length of their body, and are attracted to animals’ body heat, movement and the carbon dioxide that is exhaled, they are found on dogs, cats, skunks, rodents, and humans.   The adult flea feeds on blood while larvae feed on organic debris.  A pair of fleas in the Calgary area may produce more than 20 trillion offspring in a year.  Certainly a pest to be taken care of quickly and completely.

Millipede

Millipede- Diplopoda

Common Millipede

Color: Tan Dark Reddish Brown

Greenhouse Millipede

Color: Light Tan

Common millipede

Size: 2.5 – 6 cm  Shape: Somehwat rounded | Worm-like  Legs: 2 on each segment | more than 15 pairs Flying: No  Antennae: No

Greenhouse millipede

Characterisctics: Small ridges along the sides of each body segment

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Millipedes are commonly found in damp locations such as in potted houseplants, greenhouses, garages, basements and lower levels.  They feed on damp and decaying vegetable matter and prefer to stay in moist locations but may wander into any part of the house.  Being most active at night, they can enter a home through cracks, doors and windows but are most commonly found under wood piles, leaves and other organic debris in the Calgary area.  Not dangerous, they are an alarming and unwanted house guest.

Fruit Fly

Fruit Fly- Drosophila Melanogaster

Color: Tan/light abdomen with red eyes

Size: 3mm Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes- with feathery bristle

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Fruit flies are small irritating pests that are commonly found in Calgary homes, restaurants and other facilities where food is processed.  Fruit flies feed on decaying fruits and vegetables and tend to concentrate around the food source. They are found on moist, decaying matter that has been stationary for several days.  Fruit flies are found in unsanitary conditions, so they are a potential health concern.

Hornet

Hornet-Baldface- Dolichovespula Maculata

Color: Black with Cream-colored markings on the front of the head and at the end of the abdomen

Size: 7-8 inch   Shape: Oblong, 2 segments   Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The hornet colony is contained within the nest made of paper-like material made from chewed wood mixed with saliva.  Hornet nests are usually located in wooded areas in Calgary, attached to a tree branch, but they may attach to shrubs, soffits, and house siding.  Although hornets are beneficial predators that feed on other insects such as filth flies and blow flies, a nearby nest is cause for alarm.  A peak population of 100 to 400 hornets by the end of summer is to be prevented as hornets are aggressive protectors of their nest and pose significant risk to the homeowner and any pets.  Hornets are very protective of their colony and will usually attack if someone approaches within 3 feet of the nest.

House Fly

House Fly- Musca Domestica

Color: Dark Gray

Size: 1/4 inch   Legs: Six   Shape: Oval   Antennae: Yes   Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The most common fly found around Calgary homes, an adult house fly usually lives between 15 and 25 days. They are only able to feed on liquids but have the ability to turn many solid foods into a liquid for them to eat. House flies taste with their feet so are constantly on the move, migrating up to 20 miles to find food.  These insects have been known to carry over 100 different kinds of disease-causing germs, which makes them very bad house guests.

House Moth

House Moth - Endrosis Sarcitrella

Color: White Brown Gray

Size: 6mm – 2cm  Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes  Flying: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The house moth eats grains, fruit, rotting wood, old textiles, and cereals.   Attracted to light, they can be seen in groups around any light source at dusk in the Calgary area.  Though not harmful, they can be a general nuisance when enjoying a summer evening and attract predators such as spiders and bats.  The house moth also leaves unsightly cocoons and a reddish-brown fluid on buildings which can be difficult to remove off of windows, walls.

Indian Meal Moth

Indian Meal Moth - Plodia Interpunctella

Color: Bi-colored wings- 2/3 Copper or Bronze and 1/3 light gray

Caterpillar: Cream with Yellow-Green or Pinkish shades Dark Brown head

Size: 1/4 – 3/8 inch

Caterpillar: up to 2/3 inch

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

This moth is a stored product pest, found in homes and grocery stores.  The caterpillar stage feeds on nuts, herbs, coarsely ground grains and fruits which are accessible as the caterpillars are capable of chewing through plastic bags and thin cardboard. The caterpillars can seriously damage food items and the adult moths are an irritant as they fly through the store. All stages of the Indian meal moth may be found in Calgary area homes and businesses

Mosquito

Color: Varies Pale Brown with White stripes across abdomen

Size: 1/4 – 3/8 inches   Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Female mosquitoes suck our blood and can transmit West Nile encephalitis, a sometimes fatal inflammation of the brain. They are most active from dusk to dawn and will fly as far as from Airdrie to Calgary (14 km) for a blood meal.  Surprisingly, male mosquitoes feed on plant nectars. Because mosquitoes can develop from egg to adult in 10 to 14 days, control is best along with an attitude of prevention.   Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water sources such as storm drains, old tires, children’s wading pools and birdbaths.

Calgary is home to more than 20 of the 44 species of mosquito currently known to occur in Alberta .Are pesky mosquitoes and ticks ruining your outdoor enjoyment? As Calgary’s  leader in tick and mosquito control, Martin’s Pest Control  offers top-of-the-line services that will help you take back your yard. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff can help you select the program that’s right for you.

Mosquitoes are resilient pests that will not only ruin your outdoor experience, but also carry dangerous vector-borne diseases such as West Nile. At Martin’s Pest Control  , our most popular mosquito control treatment is our barrier protection spray program. We can even treat your small pond or lake, ditch etc. .

Mosquito

Color: Varies Pale Brown with White stripes across abdomen

Size: 1/4 – 3/8 inches   Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Applied by our professional pest control professionals around your home and throughout your backyard, this, trusted and dependable mosquito control solution eliminates mosquitoes on contact and continues working for up to 21 days, depending on the impact of rain and weather elements.

For optimum protection, season-long control is highly recommended, every 21 days. Martin’s Pest Control  will remind you in advance of an upcoming service and leave you notice that we’ve been there. You don’t even need to be home during the application.

Martin’s Pest Control  protects your family (and pets) from the nuisance and danger of mosquitoes by focusing on the areas of your property where mosquitoes and ticks are most likely to feed and harbor. Once applied, Martin’s Pest Control  provides even greater protection as mosquitoes attempt to feed and rest on the grass and plants, as the residue from the treatment will knock them down too.

All-natural for your mosquito control.

If you prefer to avoid all synthetics, Martin’s Pest Control  offers an all-natural solution as an ideal alternative for mosquito control.

While our Barrier Protection Spray works primarily as a mosquito and tick eliminator, our all-natural treatment eliminates pests on contact and then continues as a repellant for up to 14 days.

Our all-natural mosquito treatment is applied to the areas of your property that mosquitoes are known to harbor and feed. It is made up of natural plant juices and has a  fragrance that dissipates within a few hours of application.

Since this all-natural mosquito control breaks down more quickly, it should  be applied every 14 days for continuous protection (as opposed to the 21-day cycle of our Barrier Protection Spray).

This all-natural repellent is not quite as effective as our traditional mosquito control solutions. However, depending on your own yard and needs, it may be right for you. And, of course, if you’re not 100% satisfied, we’ll make it right with another spray as soon as possible.

Effective and timely mosquito control for all your outdoor events.

Are you planning an outdoor wedding, graduation party or other outdoor event? Don’t let buzzing, biting mosquitoes ruin your special day. Our special events spray will keep mosquitoes off your guest list.

About 24-48 hours prior to guests’ arrival, we’ll lay down a barrier spray that includes extra protection against biting, stinging insects. It’s exactly what you need for a perfect party:

  • Greatly reduces the number of mosquitoes that might otherwise bite guests or hover around food.
  • Dries in 30 minutes, leaving no odor or visible residue.
  • Is applied long before your food and dinnerware arrive, so there’s no opportunity for contamination.
  • Provides protection day and night through your entire event.
Mosquito

Mosquito

Color: Varies Pale Brown with White stripes across abdomen

Size: 1/4 – 3/8 inches   Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Female mosquitoes suck our blood and can transmit West Nile encephalitis, a sometimes fatal inflammation of the brain. They are most active from dusk to dawn and will fly as far as from Airdrie to Calgary (14 km) for a blood meal.  Surprisingly, male mosquitoes feed on plant nectars. Because mosquitoes can develop from egg to adult in 10 to 14 days, control is best along with an attitude of prevention.   Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water sources such as storm drains, old tires, children’s wading pools and birdbaths.

Calgary is home to more than 20 of the 44 species of mosquito currently known to occur in Alberta .Are pesky mosquitoes and ticks ruining your outdoor enjoyment? As Calgary’s  leader in tick and mosquito control, Martin’s Pest Control  offers top-of-the-line services that will help you take back your yard. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff can help you select the program that’s right for you.

Mosquitoes are resilient pests that will not only ruin your outdoor experience, but also carry dangerous vector-borne diseases such as West Nile. At Martin’s Pest Control  , our most popular mosquito control treatment is our barrier protection spray program. We can even treat your small pond or lake, ditch etc. .

Mosquito (continued)

Mosquito

Color: Varies Pale Brown with White stripes across abdomen

Size: 1/4 – 3/8 inches   Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Applied by our professional pest control professionals around your home and throughout your backyard, this, trusted and dependable mosquito control solution eliminates mosquitoes on contact and continues working for up to 21 days, depending on the impact of rain and weather elements.

For optimum protection, season-long control is highly recommended, every 21 days. Martin’s Pest Control  will remind you in advance of an upcoming service and leave you notice that we’ve been there. You don’t even need to be home during the application.

Martin’s Pest Control  protects your family (and pets) from the nuisance and danger of mosquitoes by focusing on the areas of your property where mosquitoes and ticks are most likely to feed and harbor. Once applied, Martin’s Pest Control  provides even greater protection as mosquitoes attempt to feed and rest on the grass and plants, as the residue from the treatment will knock them down too.

Mosquito Control

All-natural for your mosquito control.

If you prefer to avoid all synthetics, Martin’s Pest Control  offers an all-natural solution as an ideal alternative for mosquito control.

While our Barrier Protection Spray works primarily as a mosquito and tick eliminator, our all-natural treatment eliminates pests on contact and then continues as a repellant for up to 14 days.

Our all-natural mosquito treatment is applied to the areas of your property that mosquitoes are known to harbor and feed. It is made up of natural plant juices and has a  fragrance that dissipates within a few hours of application.

Since this all-natural mosquito control breaks down more quickly, it should  be applied every 14 days for continuous protection (as opposed to the 21-day cycle of our Barrier Protection Spray).

This all-natural repellent is not quite as effective as our traditional mosquito control solutions. However, depending on your own yard and needs, it may be right for you. And, of course, if you’re not 100% satisfied, we’ll make it right with another spray as soon as possible.

Mosquito Control (continued)

Effective and timely mosquito control for all your outdoor events.

Are you planning an outdoor wedding, graduation party or other outdoor event? Don’t let buzzing, biting mosquitoes ruin your special day. Our special events spray will keep mosquitoes off your guest list.

About 24-48 hours prior to guests’ arrival, we’ll lay down a barrier spray that includes extra protection against biting, stinging insects. It’s exactly what you need for a perfect party:

  • Greatly reduces the number of mosquitoes that might otherwise bite guests or hover around food.
  • Dries in 30 minutes, leaving no odor or visible residue.
  • Is applied long before your food and dinnerware arrive, so there’s no opportunity for contamination.
  • Provides protection day and night through your entire event.

Moth Fly- Psychodidae

Color: Gray

Size: Less than 5mm  Shape: Oval   Legs: Four  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes, long and pronounced

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Moth flies are insects also known as drain flies. They prefer slow-moving drains for their feeding and breeding site, eating the gelatinous sludge found in the pipes.  The moth fly resembles a tiny moth with a covering of long hairs on the body and wings.  Because they are not avid flyers, they are often seen crawling along walls or flying only a few feet at a time. In the Calgary area they naturally congregate on foliage in swamplands.  Moth flies are a nuisance en masse in a residence but more importantly, their presence relays a bigger problem is in the area, the problem of sanitation.

Pavement Ant- Tetramorium Caespitum

Color: Dark Brown Black

Size: 1/8 inches   Shape: Segmented | Oval   Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes, long and pronounced

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Pavement ants make their nests in or under cracks in pavement in the Calgary area. They can infest structures, eating almost anything, including insects, seeds, fruit, honey, bread, meats, nuts and cheese.  Like other ants, pavement ants can contaminate food with their constant foraging. Though they are not aggressive, pavement ants can bite and sting and cause a general unease to those sharing the patio with them.

Pharaoh Ant- Monomorium Paharaonis

Color: Pale Yellow to Reddish Brown with back end a little darker

Size: 2mm  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval    Antennae: Yes end in a club with three progressively longer segments   Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Pharaoh ants can lay 400 or more eggs in a lifetime with an egg reaching maturity in 38 to 45 days. Because they live in heated buildings in the Calgary area, the Pharoah Ant continually breeds.  Colonies grow as large as 2500.  Because this ant is so tiny, it can nest in creative locations such as in laundry, furniture and food or more commonly, in wall crevasses, behind baseboards, in garbage cans, light fixtures, etc. They are drawn to dark, warm areas near hot water pipes in bathrooms, kitchens, and hospitals. Pharaoh ants will create a trail and use it to forage. They will be seen in lines, like little highways across floors, from their nest site to their food source.   In areas such as hospitals, their small size means they can access wounds and sterile instruments, causing a mechanical spread of infection and interference in the administering of drip medicines and electrical pulses.

Phorid Fly

Color: Tan/Light abdomen Black/Brown eyes

Size: 3mm  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval    Antennae: No  Flying: Yes   Unique Characteristics: Pronounce humped area behind the head

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

These flies are often mistaken for fruit flies so pay careful attention to identifying factors and habits.  Phorid flies tend to thoroughly disperse through buildings because they can develop on a variety of decaying materials, both plant and animal.  A common food source in Calgary restaurants is the damp, organic material that builds up in drains. Phorid flies are found in unsanitary conditions thus give evidence of a health concern.  In a 3-4 week life cycle, a phorid fly will lay a few hundred eggs.  With this in mind, a misdiagnosed fly will quickly result in an epidemic population increase which can be both embarrassing and costly to eliminate.

Sow Bug- Armadillidium Vulgare

Color: Light Gray

Size: 6 mm – 1 cm   Shape: Oval | Flat  Legs: Multiple  Flying: No  Antennae: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Sowbugs are crustaceans which live in damp habitats within the Calgary area.  They feed on decaying vegetable matter thus are found under dead leaves, rocks, boards, mulch and other objects on moist ground. Dark, damp areas of the house may become breeding sites for sowbugs.  Evidence of sowbugs in the home routinely suggests there is a moisture control issue which needs correcting.

Spider- Araneae

Color: Brown Black Gray Mixture

Size: 1mm – 4cm  Legs: Eight  Shape: Round   Antennae: No  Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

There are about 3,000 species in Canada. All spiders are predators, feeding mainly on insects.  They are found on siding and decks, in boathouses, children’s play-structures and dog houses in the Calgary area.  Some spiders become nuisance pests around the home when their webs accumulate or gather dust and debris after the spider has left the site.  Because not all spiders remove or recycle their webs, their webbing tends to accumulate over time in unsightly tangles.. These webs are sticky, matted, and are difficult to remove. Also, some spiders have a venom which is dangerous and uncomfortable to humans and animals.

Brown Recluse Spider- Loxosceles Reclusa

The brown recluse spider (Loxosceles  Reclusa) is a poisonous spider that is light brown in color.  It is about 1/2 inch in length, has a violin-shaped marking on themid-section.  While most spiders have 8 eyes, the brown recluse has 6. These spiders make an irregular and sticky web that is used for shelter rather than for trapping insects.

Female Black Widow Spider- Latrodectus Mactans

The female black widow spider (Latrodectus Mactans) is a poisonous spider in the Calgary area.  It has a somewhat round, shiny black abdomen with red markings that resemble an hourglass on the underside.  The size of the body is around a 1/2 inch wide and 1 1/2 to 1 3/8 inches long.  Five different species of the black widow spider are active in Canada.  They generally live under rocks and under fallen trees outside the home.  In and around the house they are often found in firewood piles, basements and crawlspaces, garages and sheds.  They feed on insects and other spiders that are trapped in their web. They are usually not aggressive spiders, but if handled or accidentally touched, they may bite.

Moth Fly

Moth Fly- Psychodidae

Color: Gray

Size: Less than 5mm  Shape: Oval   Legs: Four  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes, long and pronounced

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Moth flies are insects also known as drain flies. They prefer slow-moving drains for their feeding and breeding site, eating the gelatinous sludge found in the pipes.  The moth fly resembles a tiny moth with a covering of long hairs on the body and wings.  Because they are not avid flyers, they are often seen crawling along walls or flying only a few feet at a time. In the Calgary area they naturally congregate on foliage in swamplands.  Moth flies are a nuisance en masse in a residence but more importantly, their presence relays a bigger problem is in the area, the problem of sanitation.

Pavement Ant

Pavement Ant- Tetramorium Caespitum

Color: Dark Brown Black

Size: 1/8 inches   Shape: Segmented | Oval   Legs: Six  Flying: Yes   Antennae: Yes, long and pronounced

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Pavement ants make their nests in or under cracks in pavement in the Calgary area. They can infest structures, eating almost anything, including insects, seeds, fruit, honey, bread, meats, nuts and cheese.  Like other ants, pavement ants can contaminate food with their constant foraging. Though they are not aggressive, pavement ants can bite and sting and cause a general unease to those sharing the patio with them.

Pharaoh Ant

Pharaoh Ant- Monomorium Paharaonis

Color: Pale Yellow to Reddish Brown with back end a little darker

Size: 2mm  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval    Antennae: Yes end in a club with three progressively longer segments   Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Pharaoh ants can lay 400 or more eggs in a lifetime with an egg reaching maturity in 38 to 45 days. Because they live in heated buildings in the Calgary area, the Pharoah Ant continually breeds.  Colonies grow as large as 2500.  Because this ant is so tiny, it can nest in creative locations such as in laundry, furniture and food or more commonly, in wall crevasses, behind baseboards, in garbage cans, light fixtures, etc. They are drawn to dark, warm areas near hot water pipes in bathrooms, kitchens, and hospitals. Pharaoh ants will create a trail and use it to forage. They will be seen in lines, like little highways across floors, from their nest site to their food source.   In areas such as hospitals, their small size means they can access wounds and sterile instruments, causing a mechanical spread of infection and interference in the administering of drip medicines and electrical pulses.

Phorid Fly

Phorid Fly

Color: Tan/Light abdomen Black/Brown eyes

Size: 3mm  Legs: Six   Shape: Oval    Antennae: No  Flying: Yes   Unique Characteristics: Pronounce humped area behind the head

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

These flies are often mistaken for fruit flies so pay careful attention to identifying factors and habits.  Phorid flies tend to thoroughly disperse through buildings because they can develop on a variety of decaying materials, both plant and animal.  A common food source in Calgary restaurants is the damp, organic material that builds up in drains. Phorid flies are found in unsanitary conditions thus give evidence of a health concern.  In a 3-4 week life cycle, a phorid fly will lay a few hundred eggs.  With this in mind, a misdiagnosed fly will quickly result in an epidemic population increase which can be both embarrassing and costly to eliminate.

Sow Bug

Sow Bug- Armadillidium Vulgare

Color: Light Gray

Size: 6 mm – 1 cm   Shape: Oval | Flat  Legs: Multiple  Flying: No  Antennae: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

Sowbugs are crustaceans which live in damp habitats within the Calgary area.  They feed on decaying vegetable matter thus are found under dead leaves, rocks, boards, mulch and other objects on moist ground. Dark, damp areas of the house may become breeding sites for sowbugs.  Evidence of sowbugs in the home routinely suggests there is a moisture control issue which needs correcting.

Spider

Spider- Araneae

Color: Brown Black Gray Mixture

Size: 1mm – 4cm  Legs: Eight  Shape: Round   Antennae: No  Flying: No

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

There are about 3,000 species in Canada. All spiders are predators, feeding mainly on insects.  They are found on siding and decks, in boathouses, children’s play-structures and dog houses in the Calgary area.  Some spiders become nuisance pests around the home when their webs accumulate or gather dust and debris after the spider has left the site.  Because not all spiders remove or recycle their webs, their webbing tends to accumulate over time in unsightly tangles.. These webs are sticky, matted, and are difficult to remove. Also, some spiders have a venom which is dangerous and uncomfortable to humans and animals.

Brown Recluse Spider- Loxosceles Reclusa

The brown recluse spider (Loxosceles  Reclusa) is a poisonous spider that is light brown in color.  It is about 1/2 inch in length, has a violin-shaped marking on themid-section.  While most spiders have 8 eyes, the brown recluse has 6. These spiders make an irregular and sticky web that is used for shelter rather than for trapping insects.

Female Black Widow Spider- Latrodectus Mactans

The female black widow spider (Latrodectus Mactans) is a poisonous spider in the Calgary area.  It has a somewhat round, shiny black abdomen with red markings that resemble an hourglass on the underside.  The size of the body is around a 1/2 inch wide and 1 1/2 to 1 3/8 inches long.  Five different species of the black widow spider are active in Canada.  They generally live under rocks and under fallen trees outside the home.  In and around the house they are often found in firewood piles, basements and crawlspaces, garages and sheds.  They feed on insects and other spiders that are trapped in their web. They are usually not aggressive spiders, but if handled or accidentally touched, they may bite.

Stored Product Pests

Pest Guide for Stored Products

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Confused Flour Beetle - Tribolium Confusum

Color: Red

Larvae Color: Off White

Size: 0.1 inch  Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes | gradually increase in size  Flying: No

Size:   3/16 inch   Characteristics: two horny projections on the end of the abdomen.

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The confused beetle is mainly present in cracked grain where there is some fine material present. In the home the infested products may include cereal products such as flour, cake mix, cornmeal, crackers, dry pet food, chocolate, nuts and bird seed.  The insects may be in unopened boxes or containers and they can hide in cracks and crevices in floors and cupboards.  Grain with large numbers of these insects has a pungent, undesirable odor.

Rusty Grain Beetle - Tribolium Confusum

Color: Red

Larvae Color: Off White

Size: 0.1 inch  Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes | last 3 segments are abruptly larger   Flying: No

Larvae

Size:   3/16 inch Characteristics: two horny projections on the end of the abdomen.

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The confused beetle is mainly present in cracked grain where there is some fine material present. In the home the infested products may include cereal products such as flour, cake mix, cornmeal, crackers, dry pet food, chocolate, nuts and bird seed.  The insects may be in unopened boxes or containers and they can hide in cracks and crevices in floors and cupboards.  Grain with large numbers of these insects has a pungent, undesirable odor.

Confused Flour Beetle

Confused Flour Beetle - Tribolium Confusum

Color: Red

Larvae Color: Off White

Size: 0.1 inch  Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes | gradually increase in size  Flying: No

Size:   3/16 inch   Characteristics: two horny projections on the end of the abdomen.

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The confused beetle is mainly present in cracked grain where there is some fine material present. In the home the infested products may include cereal products such as flour, cake mix, cornmeal, crackers, dry pet food, chocolate, nuts and bird seed.  The insects may be in unopened boxes or containers and they can hide in cracks and crevices in floors and cupboards.  Grain with large numbers of these insects has a pungent, undesirable odor.

Rusty Grain Beetle

Rusty Grain Beetle - Tribolium Confusum

Color: Red

Larvae Color: Off White

Size: 0.1 inch  Legs: Six   Antennae: Yes | last 3 segments are abruptly larger   Flying: No

Larvae

Size:   3/16 inch Characteristics: two horny projections on the end of the abdomen.

Region: Calgary, AB, Canada

The confused beetle is mainly present in cracked grain where there is some fine material present. In the home the infested products may include cereal products such as flour, cake mix, cornmeal, crackers, dry pet food, chocolate, nuts and bird seed.  The insects may be in unopened boxes or containers and they can hide in cracks and crevices in floors and cupboards.  Grain with large numbers of these insects has a pungent, undesirable odor.